Sales is powered by information and data. The more you know about your customers, their needs and their history with your company, the more effective your sales team can be. But between managing relationships with clients, following up on leads from marketing and all the other tasks salespeople have to complete, oftentimes the more manual and organizational tasks go by the wayside. Which is why businesses that maintain ongoing sales relationships should consider a customer relationship management (CRM) platform.
A CRM does more than just organize information — it brings all of your customer relationships and sales processes into one central database that holds everything from communications to contracts and payments. For many businesses, a CRM is a lynchpin that the company couldn’t function without.
But CRMs are complex systems that often carry a significant price tag. If you are considering a CRM for your business and need to prove the numbers to the CFO, you’ll want to know the return on investment (ROI) for a CRM.
Why Does Your Business Need a CRM?
Many small to midsize businesses cobble together spreadsheets, emails and other disjointed systems to manage customer relationships. But this is inefficient and can often lead to negative and unorganized customer experiences. A customer relationship management (CRM) platform wraps up everything from sales to product or service delivery into a single system that any member of your team could use to brush up on a specific customer relationship instantly.
Here are five major features and benefits of CRM technology.
When the lead-to-sale process is the primary source of new revenue and growth, it’s important to give every lead first-class treatment. A CRM can capture details about a prospective customer when they submit landing page forms or talk to a sales rep. When businesses keep notes about all their prospect interactions, such as marketing campaign engagement, website browsing activities, sales estimates and support tickets, they are able to provide more engaging and relevant brand experiences.
Improve Customer Support
Almost everyone has a story about bad customer service. When your customer service team uses a CRM to track customer relationships, you may be able to avoid bad customer service stories about your company.
CRMs feature logs of emails, calls, notes and assignable tasks. This helps everyone at your business share documentation of every customer interaction while managing tasks in a way that keeps issues from slipping through the cracks.
Increase Collaboration Across Departments
A focus on collaboration can boost your customer experience. It doesn’t matter if workers are on the same floor, time zone or even the same continent with a cloud CRM. Everyone has access to a single, reliable, secure dataset that brings teams closer together even when they’re physically far apart.
Delivering even simple product orders may require input from multiple people in disparate departments. More complex products and services can require dozens of staff. Each team shouldn’t use its own system in a silo. A central CRM will help workers share information and prevent redundant efforts.
Increase Efficiency and Productivity
A CRM can improve efficiency and productivity in multiple ways, including a better experience for your internal users. While customers will enjoy not having to explain a need repeatedly, your team will save time only having to collect that information once.
To further boost productivity, many repeat processes can be automated with a CRM. Automated marketing communication, sales pipeline tracking, integrated billing and customer self-service features can save your workers hours every month compared with manual tasks.
Many of the immediate benefits of a CRM focus on cost savings that impact your bottom line. But over time, you should see your CRM also help your top line, or gross sales, as well. Your sales team should find the information to put together relevant, high-quality sales presentations finely tuned to meet each customer’s unique needs.
Sales are the lifeblood of most businesses. With a quality CRM in place, you should see an increase in sales productivity.
Benefits of CRM
Many businesses across industries find these common benefits when adding a CRM for the first time.
- Data transparency: A CRM enables all employees with access to tap into a trove of customer data. Detailed records and logs track histories and keep team members accountable while building trust between your customers and your organization.
- Automation of business processes: Many customer communications and tasks can be fully automated. For example, if your CRM is part of a larger enterprise resource planning (ERP) solution, you can automatically generate purchase orders for inventory when a customer order is added to the CRM. Simultaneously, the CRM can generate an invoice, reconcile customer payments and track customer and project-level profitability.
- Team collaboration & productivity: Sales teams are most effective when information about customers is shared in an easy-to-access location, and it’s not dependent on individual salespersons’ knowledge or background. With centralized data in a CRM, your teams can spend more time on customer and revenue-oriented tasks and less on logistical and data-sharing meetings. Integrated team communication tools help with handoffs, so every customer gets the best possible experience.
- Revenue growth: This new automation and improved collaboration should add up to increased sales and higher profits from repeat business. An investment in a CRM should pay for itself multiple times over with new revenue.
- Up-selling and cross-selling opportunities: Customer and employee-facing CRMs can promote cross-selling and up-selling. Improved customer data and machine learning combine to offer better, higher-margin product suggestions that are more relevant for your customers.
- Improved customer experience (CX): When a customer calls for help, it doesn’t matter who answers the phone. With a CRM, the customer service agent or salesperson will have instant access to all the customer details, including order history and other interactions with your company.
What Types of Industries Should Invest in a CRM?
Virtually any industry that has repeat customer contact or any type of sales may benefit from a CRM. Here are examples of industries where CRMs are particularly popular and useful.
- Retail: Retailers can use a CRM to track customer interaction across different platforms like social media, phone calls and emails. For higher-end sellers, CRMs allow you to create and track unique client profiles to keep each customer engaged with your brand.
- Finance: Banking, investment and other financial services companies use CRMs to track customer needs and preferences. Some platforms include extra security and customized functions for tracking and managing customer finances.
- Hospitality: Hotels, restaurants, airlines and tourism companies use CRMs to track guest preferences and drive automated marketing campaigns.
- Insurance: Small agencies and large companies can use CRMs to track customer profiles, keep customers engaged and regularly assess needs to offer relevant products and coverage options.
- Consulting: Consulting businesses rely heavily on CRMs to track ongoing sales efforts and customer service needs. By fully integrating a Professional Services Automation (PSA) tool with CRM, advising and consulting firms can incorporate client project details back to their customer profiles.
- Manufacturing: Manufacturers often rely on ERPs to track incoming materials and outgoing sales. CRM modules offer robust communication and customer tracking so every order can be delivered accurately and on-time, meeting or exceeding customer expectations.
- Wholesale: Wholesalers can use CRMs for customers, as well as vendors.
This is far from a full list. Technology, legal, education, mining, transportation, real estate, telecommunication, publishing, health care, utility, infrastructure, printing and many more businesses use CRMs for daily needs.
What ROI Should Businesses Expect From a CRM?
Now it’s time to get into the dollars and cents. You may find some basic CRMs for free, but often those are lacking the security and functionalities that more useful tools offer — such as the one included as part of the overall NetSuite product. Fully featured CRMs are powerful tools that can drive sales and securely manage your data. The price for the CRM often scales with your business size, and you should also consider any setup and training costs. However, experienced business leaders know that when a CRM is used well, those costs will pay for themselves multiple times over.
CRMs have been shown to increase conversion rates by up to 300%, revenue by 29% and sales team productivity by 34%. Actual results will vary by business, industry and the stage of rollout. Companies with successful CRMs typically see high returns in annual revenue, customer retention and lowered costs/improved efficiency. Even already successful sales teams can benefit from added productivity, automation, communication and transparency provided by a CRM.
Measuring CRM ROI
The same basic formula will help you measure the ROI of any investment. First you identify the gain from the investment, subtract the cost and then divide that by the cost and multiply by 100. The tricky part is understanding the real gain from the investment—after all, you may have other simultaneous efforts to boost your business’s bottom line like hiring new salespeople, expanding into a new market or rolling out a new product line. Looking at multiple metrics simultaneously can add nuance to your calculations. Consider factors such as improved sales, customer retention and other sales productivity metrics to understand the benefits of your investment. We go over more details about metrics that can shed light into ROI for your CRM later in this article. But let’s start with the basic, overall formula. To measure the return on investment of your CRM, use this formula:
ROI = (Net return on investment / cost of investment) x 100
Here’s an example to help you put that formula into action. Let’s say a business spent $12,000 on a CRM in one year and saw its gross margin, or a company’s net sales revenue minus its cost of goods sold, increase by $75,000. The ROI would be:
=($75,000 – $12,000 / $12,000) x 100
=5.25 x 100
10 CRM Features That Drive ROI
While this is only scratching the surface of what a CRM can do, here are 10 features that drive ROI.
- Automated order fulfillment: The moment a customer order goes in, the CRM can trigger the fulfillment process, looping in external vendors and your internal team.
- Customer support: Data gathered from email, phone, chat and in-person customer support are collected with a single system for all users to access.
- Cross-selling: Data and customer insights enable enhanced cross-selling. Your CRM may be better at noticing customer needs than your sales team.
- Upselling: In addition to cross-sales features, the CRM may suggest potential upsells at higher service levels.
- Automatic renewal: Don’t let customer renewal dates slip by. CRMs can automatically process payments or send out invoices when it’s time to renew or order again.
- Quote delivery: For complex sales, you can build and deliver a quote within the CRM. If the customer wants changes or wants to accept, both can be done in the system.
- Web-to-lead forms: If you’ve ever filled out a form with a company online only to get a call from a human moments later, the company may have been using a CRM that includes web-to-lead forms. Have your sales team standing by to capture and capitalize on hot leads almost instantly as they come in.
- Customer portal: A web-based customer portal allows your customers to log in, review their information, update payment methods, download contracts, request customer support, enter orders and more.
- Sales forecasting: Sales forecasting features help you plan for staffing and plan costs appropriately without overspending.
- Commission pay management: Automated commission systems save your accounting team and managers time. Sales staff may log in and see live data on their quota and next commission payment. Less time spent on payroll means cost savings and more time spent focused on customers.
Key Metrics to Track the ROI of CRM
The ROI formula simplifies a lot of numbers behind the scenes. To understand where you’ll see both cost savings and revenue improvements, focus on these key metrics.
Not only can a CRM help you boost your bottom line, it’s also an essential tool to help gather and track data to inform KPIs. In simple-to-understand dashboards, you can track sales, efficiency and team metrics all from the software. You can share this information with key stakeholders to demonstrate the ROI of your CRM and show performance of your team and how you’re progressing toward team and personal sales goals and quotas.
- Team or department productivity: With a CRM in place, you should see a notable uptick in collaborative productivity. Each team should be able to get more done with fewer resources.
- Efficiency savings: Individual workers should also become more efficient, as they have quick access to customer and product data from one central system.
- Process Improvement: While a CRM may improve existing processes, you could find that you completely retool procedures around your CRM for improvements across the board.
Track the amount of sales revenue before and after implementing the CRM for your department at large, as well as per employee. By attributing new customer acquisition and sales to specific marketing campaigns, businesses can fine tune their strategies to drive more revenue.
- Average sales cycle length
How long does it take for a customer to go from initial contact or opportunity stage to a sale? A CRM should help remove bottlenecks that could otherwise slow deals with improved communication and more efficient processes. Monitor the time it takes on average from the time a customer is first contacted to when a sale is made.
Average deal size
Monitor the average price of each closed sale and average it across your sales team. You can also look at average deal size for different regions or even individual employees.
Average deal size = Total dollar amount of all sales in a specific time period / total number of sales in the same period
- Other sales productivity metrics
Sales data can be difficult to track because it often relies on time-strapped reps to manually enter data. Much of that manual data entry can be automated with your CRM so you can identify and monitor leading performance indicators of items you know could eventually lead to sales. Consider items such as:
- Meetings with clients
- Quotes sent to clients/potential clients
- Break-even point: Break-even point is a common metric calculated alongside ROI. The breakeven point happens when ROI equals 100%.
- Profit gains: Additional net gains beyond 100% ROI boost your bottom line. Most businesses should see significant profit gains when properly implementing a CRM.
Keep track of these key metrics to get insight to productivity, savings and process improvement with a CRM.
Margin rate: The margin rate is the percent of each sale kept for profits. A CRM may help improve your margins and automatically track them. Track this for individuals, as well as your entire sales department, or by other cross section, such as region or location for even more insight into your data.
Average profit margin = Net income / net sales
- Sales revenue increase: Benchmark the monthly sales you were achieving before your CRM goes live. An increase in average monthly sales is a useful metric to measure success with your CRM.
Sales Cycle Efficiency
- Total number of sales calls against total sales: A higher rate of sales compared to calls indicates a more effective sales process.
- Time to close: Shorter time to close means your sales team can more quickly move on to the next sale.
- Close rate: CRMs are excellent for tracking close rates by salesperson, team and overall. A new CRM can power your sales team and lead to higher close rates.
Key Marketing Metrics
- Number of leads generated: In addition to closing sales at a higher rate, your team may see an uptick in potential sales with a higher number of leads generated. Leads can come from a variety of sources, so it is important to track where they came from to ensure they are valuable and converting into sales; especially if you are paying to acquire them. Whether leads come from landing page forms on your site, email newsletter sign-ups or social campaigns, all the customer data is centralized in one digital environment.
Cost per lead: Because your CRM can help you more efficiently manage your customer data and automate time-intensive tasks like data entry, expect your cost per lead to drop. This metric can help tie your marketing to your sales.
Cost per lead = Total marketing spend / total new leads
- Revenue generated by campaign: CRMs make it easy to automatically attribute leads and sales by campaign, leading to detailed campaign-level reporting. Companies can configure their attribution based on particular models like first-click, last-click or view-through within a specific window of time like one week or one month.
Key Service Metrics
- Number of cases by agent: With added efficiency, customer service agents should handle a higher number of cases per day.
- Cases closed the same day: Customers should enjoy a faster resolution. An increase in cases closed the same day is a win-win for customers and your business.
- Average time to resolve: Better data and internal communication should lead to a lower average time to resolve customer service cases.
- Customer satisfaction level: Many businesses can’t survive without repeat customers. The CRM should improve overall customer satisfaction, trackable in the CRM with customer surveys and other metrics.
- Customer retention: What keeps a client coming back is a mix of factors but receiving best-in-class customer service usually helps. CRMs make managing customer relationships across sales, customer service and other teams much simpler. Track customer retention before and after the implementation of a CRM to measure its impact on keeping clients.
Boost Your Business With the Right CRM
A CRM is a pivotal tool for businesses with sales teams, companies that manage marketing and organizations that create quotes and invoices or want to prioritize customer service. A CRM is a set of tools to help you better manage your relationship with customers and potential customers so you can grow your business.
But not all CRMs are created equal. The most robust CRM platforms connect with other ERP software, such as your accounting platform. This can benefit both those involved in marketing and sales, as well as other areas of your business like finance and even payroll. For example, your accounting team might need to understand commissions when running payroll. And your sales team might want to see a specific customer’s order history, outstanding payments and other information to create an accurate quote. Of particular note is the configure, price, quote process that pulls information from your ERP and CRM platforms. Integrating CRM and ERP software can improve efficiency, connect teams and provide more information for all involved to better serve your customers and boost your bottom line.
Implementing a CRM is an investment in the future of your business. But like any major expenditure, it’s important to understand the financial impact and gain and assess the efficacy of the investment on a regular basis. To calculate the ROI of CRM software, you first have to understand savings, increased sales and improved customer satisfaction as a result of the new tool. This is done by monitoring not just one, but many CRM KPIs, such as average deal size, margin rate and customer retention. Fortunately, many CRM platforms can help serve up the KPIs in easy-to-understand dashboards so you can better report on the financial performance of your investment. And advanced CRM software connects to other important areas of your business, such as accounting, through ERP platforms so all your customer and sales data lives in one digital environment.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do you calculate CRM ROI?
CRM stands for customer relationship management. You can’t calculate CRM, but you can calculate profitability for your CRM. Return on investment (ROI) is based on the returns from the CRM over the cost, considering factors such as improved sales, customer retention and other sales productivity.
What is ROI rate?
ROI rate is the return-on-investment rate. ROI tells you if your investment earned a profit and how well it performed compared with the initial investment amount.
What is an ROI example?
Here’s a quick ROI example: If a company spends $1,000 on a CRM and earns $11,000 in new profits because of increased sales and better customer relationships thanks to the CRM in the first year, the ROI would be 1,000%, or 10x, for the first year.